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Send Print Download added: Krzysztof Kuciński | 2015-03-27 23:04:16
poland, mazovia, economy

Mazovia is an industrial and agricultural region. The industry is concentrated mostly in the agglomeration of the capital city. Although recently Warsaw had to say goodbye to its flagship factories from the epoch of the centrally planned economy, including a passenger cars and agricultural tractors factories, the city still remains an important industrial centre.

In the Mazovian Voivodeship, there are 1,756,509 people employed (according to the Polish Central Statistic Office GUS’ data as of 2012), which gives the rate of 331 employed per thousand inhabitants. Mazovia is the Polish region of the most diversified unemployment rates, from 4.9% in the capital city to 39.4% in the Szydłowiec poviat.


According to the same data, as much as 29% of the Mazovia inhabitants have a university degree. Within the voivodeship there are 108 universities with 312,033 students. PLN 923 per capita is delegated here for the research and development activities, which amounts to 1.25% of GDP with 0.56% being the national average.


On the turn of 2014 and 2015, the web portal, intended for the region inhabitants, including investors and farmers, shall be started up. The portal will present, among others, job offers, announcements and important local news as well as e-services, free-of-charge counseling and trainings.


The portal is being created as a part of a larger project, the element of which will be, e.g., the creation in the Mazovian Voivodeship of 174 Internet access spots with IT equipment, Local Competence Centres (Lokalne Centra Kompetencji, LCK), mainly in rural areas


In 2012, there were almost 700 thousand companies registered in Mazovia with 670 thousand being micro-enterprises (employing up to 9 people), the highest ratio in Poland. For example, in the Silesian Voivodeship, there is over one third less micro-enterprises registered, only 430 thousand. In the Mazovian Voivodeship, there is also the biggest number of small companies (employing from 10 to 49 people). According to the Bank Pekao SA’ report, out of 146 thousand nationwide companies, as many as 24 618 have their seats in Mazovia.


Those numbers are due mainly to the potential of the capital city of Warsaw. It is there that the vast majority of 110 Mazovian research and development units (jednostki badawczo-rozwojowe, JBR) is located. As the authors of the “Foresight Mazovia” study note, this number is twice as big as in the second in potential Silesian Voivodeship. It is, for instance, the Warsaw Institute of Electronic Materials Technology that conducted the project which was the first successful attempt in Poland to commercialize graphene.

The cooperation between scientists and businessmen can take various forms, such as, e.g., the activities of the “Bioenergy for the region” (Bioenergia dla regionu) cluster promoting innovative solutions in renewable power generation. In the Warsaw agglomeration, the pharmaceutical and biotechnological company Adamed, the leader on the Polish market of new generation drugs, which has many times won awards for innovations, is operating.


The Mazovian city of Płock is the seat of the largest Polish company, PKN Orlen. Orlen has over 1200 petrol stations with the Orlen logo and over 400 with the Bliska logo in Poland (and another 1100 in the neighboring countries). The corporation employs 21.7 thousand employees, also in the Czech Republic where 3 of its plants are operating and in Lithuania (the oil refinery in Mažeikiai).


Warsaw, the administrative and political centre of the country, is also an important economic centre. It is here that the headquarters of the Polish Oil and Gas Company (PGNiG), the company second in size in Poland and conducting activities also in the Czech Republic, Denmark, Libya, Germany, Norway and Pakistan, are located.


The Warsaw Chopin Airport is the biggest in Poland. In September 2014, it serviced over 1,070 thousand passengers crossing the barrier of one million passengers for the fourth month in a row. The airport offers one hundred plane connections with domestic and foreign airports.

Since 2012, Warsaw has a long awaited motorway connection with the Western Europe (A2). The city is also a large railway junction.


And, last but not least, Warsaw is the office “bonanza” of the country offering approx. 80 % of all office space available in Poland. It is in the capital that 453 out of 951 office buildings constructed after 1989 were built, with the total area of 4 200 thousand square meters.